Coorg Floriculture Association – Anthorium

One acre anthurium cultivation requires Rs.50 lacs.


Coorg Floriculture Association, engaged in anthurium cultivation was established in 1995 in Kodagu district. The association has its farms in Biligeri and Hakathur village in Madikeri taluk of Karnataka. “It started as a hobby,” says Mr A.R. Shivaprasad, secretary of Coorg Floriculture Association. Apart from anthurium the farms also grow foliages and vanilla.

According to Mr. Shivaprasad, the annual production capacity of the farms is 5,00,000 flowers per year. “About 40,000 plants can be planted in an acre. We grow the Dutch variety of anthurium involving about 45 varieties in around 30 colours,” he maintains. When asked why anthurium is so expensive, Mr. Shivaprasad explains, “The plants are not available in the domestic market and have to be imported,” adding, “Also they require personal attention as they are very sensitive.”

Mr. Shivaprasad says, March to June and September to November are the right seasons to plant anthurium in Kodagu District. “The right climatic condition required to get the best yield of anthurium is 70 inches rainfall per year,” he says. “We apply water soluble fertilizers at the time of planting and also later on,” he adds. The farm provides the required shade for anthurium through shade net and the soil medium used is coirpith or coconut shell. The anthurium plants also require irrigation. They need watering three times a day, except in monsoons. The most common pest related problems in anthurium are caterpillar and bacterial blight, which can be dealt with pesticide spraying. The first harvest can be expected after 16 months from the time of planting.

Economics Of Anthurium Cultivation
Mr. Shivaprasad says the investment required for cultivating anthurium on one acre is Rs. 50 lakhs and the net profit the grower can expect would be Rs.80 to Rs.150 per plant. “The market for anthurium is good,” says Mr. Shivaprasad, adding, “The cultivators need not go in search for buyers as they will come and contact them directly.”


Coffee price rise bring smiles on growers’ faces

After the country experienced the rise in the price of onion, now it is the turn of coffee.

Arabica coffee has recorded all time high price and has brought back ‘smile’ on the face of the growers. The steep decline in the production of coffee has resulted in the rise in price of coffee.

It was said that the production of Arabica coffee has been reduced by 30 per cent in Brazil, Columbia and India during the year. Moreover, the rise in the demand for coffee in the international market, price of Arabica has reached all time high.

At present, the market price of Arabica parchment coffee for 50 kg is Rs 9,500. Arabica cherry fetches Rs 4,500 to Rs 4,800. In 1994, Arabica parchment coffee was fetching Rs 8,500 (for 50 kg bag).

The shortage in supply of Arabica coffee led to the increase in the price. At the same time, untimely rain in coffee growing region, berry border disease, shortage of labour led to the decline in the production, feels growers.

According to Coffee Board estimate, the country should have produced 3,03,000 metric tonne coffee.

However, the actual production was 2,80,000 metric tonne. One third of the total coffee is produced in Kodagu. In Kodagu, the Coffee Board had expected that about 20,000 metric tonne Arabica coffee would have been produced.

However, the actual production would have been between 16000 to 17,000 metric tonne, said Coffee grower P K Devaiah.

Irregular coffee shower, increase in rainy season led to berry borer disease affecting the coffee. Owing to the shortage of labours the growers are finding it difficult to maintain coffee estates, which in turn has affected the production, say some of the growers.

As maintenance of Arabica coffee estate is becoming expensive, many growers have started showing interest in growing Robasta coffee. About 82 per cent of coffee estate in Kodagu were Arabica coffee in 1960s.

However, at present 80 per cent is Robasta and 20 per cent is Arabica coffee.
As there was less availability of Arabica coffee in America, Germany and Italy, many growers feel that the Robasta may also fetch good price this year.

India and Uganda produces best quality of Robasta coffee in the world. At present, Robasta cherry is fetching Rs 2,600 (50 kg bag) and Parchment is fetching Rs 4,200.